Children experience forming patterns in the sand, finger and pencil tracing. Children who have sufficient fine-motor control can copy patterns underneath. These activities help to develop the left-to-right orientation vital to the development of reading and writing.
From Year R, we teach children to sit correctly and comfortably on a chair with their back straight, with both feet on the floor and not bending over their work. This ensures they are holding their pencil correctly, that their grip isn’t too tight and that their book is at the correct angle, being steadied with the free hand. Children are taught the correct way to hold a pencil - a tripod grip - before clear letters are being formed.
The provision of triangular pencils and pencil grips will be used as an aid where appropriate.
Children are supported with different sized spaces between the handwriting guide lines depending on the size of their handwriting and fine motor ability. The children learn the vocabulary of top broken line, top solid line, bottom solid line, and bottom broken line to refer to each of the guide lines. The consistency in this means that all children and adults can explain where letters begin and how they are formed.
There are four sizes of handwriting lined paper with size 1 being the largest and size 4 being the smallest.
In Year 2, once children are able to form letters correctly and of the correct size, they will move to joining letters.
Children will use books with guided lines for all subjects until they are able to form all letters correctly and legibly.